Under the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement private persons wishing to travel within the Schengen Area and carry narcotic drugs and/or psychotropic substances must have a certificate proving that these are necessary for their medical treatment. The Schengen member states comprise Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
According to an amendment to the Finnish Medicines Act that entered into force in 2003, the Schengen certificate can be issued by pharmacies but only to persons residing permanently in Finland.
The certificate can be issued for medicinal products that have been granted a marketing authorisation in Finland and that are included in the list of CNS drugs and the list of medicinal products containing narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances confirmed by Fimea. The certificate can also be issued for medicinal products subject to a special permit and ex tempore medicinal products that contain narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances.
Applicants for the Schengen certificate must bring along the medicinal product package, the prescription for the medicinal product and a travel document, usually a passport or ID card. The passport number is written on the certificate. The certificate can also be issued for a child included on a parent's passport. If the person will be travelling within the Nordic countries and does not have a passport, their personal identity code is written in the certificate instead of the passport number.
The certificate is completed and signed by a pharmacy or subsidiary pharmacy. The certificate can be issued in conjunction with the supply of the medicinal product or obtained later from the same pharmacy. The certificate remains valid for 30 days from the first travel date.
The requirements set for medicinal products requiring a certificate vary from one Schengen country to another. For up-to-date information about the restrictions applied by the destination country contact the country's embassy or consulate.
The fax number for Schengen certificate forms has changed in December 2014. The forms can be faxed to Fimea's registry, +358 29 522 3002.